Climate Change And Its Impact To Social-Economic Sector in Developing Countries Study Case in My Hometown


Climate change is becoming hot news that discusses globally. Significance impact is hit developing countries that still have an unstable social-economic condition. Developing countries such as Indonesia still depend on their income from nature such as farming, fishing, gardening, etc, and almost all of them still depend on the weather. But now, Climate change makes weather become unpredictable. UK Met Office in 2011 projected general temperature increase in Indonesia has the range of 20C – 2.50C. Analysis of TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission) satellite data in ICCSR (Indonesian Climate Change Sectoral Roadmap; Bappenas, 2010) for the period 2003-2008 showed an increased chance of rainfall events with extreme intensity, especially in the western part of Indonesia. Climate change is already taking place in Indonesia and such changes are known to impact the multisectoral. Farmers not easy to determine the right time to manage their land because shifting period of farming, so that a lot of crop failure has happened in several places in Indonesia. It is not just an issue, but the real one. I observed this change by myself in my hometown. My hometown (East Java) is one of the biggest cropland in Indonesia. But now, farming becomes so hard, a lot of failure and farmers get the cheaper price of their plants, so they choose to sell their land and get another job. The bigger impact of this situation is job shifted and decreasing of agriculture result in Indonesia so government must import hulled rice from other countries to fulfill our country needed. Another impact of climate change is sea waves increase. Fishermen have to face the uncertain weather and high waves. Climate change has also disrupted livelihoods in many islands. In Maluku, the fishermen not able to predict certain time and location that is fitting for the fish because the pattern of climate is changed. This is impacted to the availability of seafood, even Indonesia has ranks ninth out of 10 countries that most vulnerable from threats to food security due to the impact of climate change on the fisheries sector (Huelsenbeck, Oceana, 2012). The increase of sea level also damages several small islands and reefs that can’t catch up and survive. Data from UNDP, 1 meter of sea level rise could submerge 405,000 hectares of coastal areas and submerge 2,000 islands located near the surface of the sea and reef area. Indonesia’s season that depends on monsoon also changes. West monsoon, which usually lasts for four months now survive longer be seven months and waves became higher. The disease is caused by hot temperatures continue to rise. So many viruses that evolved and the new one is Zika virus that is spread by mosquito. Now. Indonesia is damaged to lose their identity as agriculture and maritime country in global eyes. The prosperity of farmers and fishers as the identity of Indonesia’s society is threating. Without cooperation between government and society to find the best solution, agrarian and maritime country for Indonesia’s epithet will become a legend. Save Indonesia into a better life.


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